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User Options. Home Base Apps.Check yourself on the meanings of these words. Geography skills. Chapter 1. Chapter 2.
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24. World War II
Lesson 2. Lesson 3. Lesson 4. Iroquois Confederacy: the union of the 5 major Iroquois peoples beginning about Chapter 5.
Renaissance: a period of cultural and artistic growth in Europe that began in Italy in the 's. Chapter 6. Columbian exchange: the movement of people, plants, animals, and germs in either direction across the Atlantic Ocean following the voyages of Columbus.
Northwest Passage: a water route believed to flow through North America to Asia that European explores searched for from the 's to the 's. House of Burgesses: the law-making body of colonial Virginia, established in Jamestown in Mayflower Compact: an agreement the Pilgrims made before landing in New England to make and obey "just and equal laws". Chapter 8. Conestoga: a study wagon used by colonists and pioneers to carry people and goods. Chapter 9.
Middle Passage: the middle leg of the triangular trade route in colonial times in which captive Africans were shipped to the West Indies to be sold into slavery. Chapter French and Indian War: a conflict between Great Britain and France in North America from to ; British colonists used this name to describe those they were fighting--the French and Native American allies.
Stamp Act: a law passed by the British Parliament in requiring colonists to pay a tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and even playing cards. Sons of Liberty: groups of colonists who organized themselves to protest against the British government. Townshend Acts: taxes passed by Parliament in for goods brought into the colonies. Boston Tea Party: a protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
Intolerable Acts: the laws passed by the British Parliament in that closed Boston Harbor, dissolved the Massachusetts assembly, and forced Boston colonists to house British soldiers. First Continental Congress: the assembly of colonial delegates from every colony except Georgia that met in in Philadelphia to oppose the Intolerable Acts.
American Revolution: the war between Great Britain and its thirteen American colonies from to that led to the founding of the USA.Please wait while the activity loads.
Your answers are highlighted below. Question 1. The assassination of the presumptive heir of which country led to the outbreak of World War I? Question 1 Explanation:. The assassination caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. Russia had pledged to defend Serbia, while Germany had promised to support Austria-Hungary. France was allied with Russia, so almost all of Europe was quickly engulfed in war.
Question 2. Which strategic plan formed the basis for the German offensive in ? Question 2 Explanation:. The Schlieffen Plan was developed between and The plan called for a quick victory against France so that German forces could redeploy to the Eastern Front before Russian troops could mobilize. Ultimately, fighting on the Western Front became a stalemate that led to trench warfare.
Question 3. Question 3 Explanation:. Britain had guaranteed Belgian neutrality since German troops crossed into Belgium on August 4,which led to Britain entering the war. Question 4. What battle in September halted the German advance towards Paris?
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Question 4 Explanation:. The Battle of the Marne meant it was unlikely Germany would be able to achieve a quick victory on the Western Front.Search this site. Campbell U. History Home. Why Study History 1st Day. Unit 1: Chapter 1 - 4 American Beginnings to Unit 2: Chapter 5 - 8. Unit 3: Chapter 9 - 11 The Progressive Era - Unit 4: Chapter 12 - 15 s and Great Depression.
Unit 6: Chapter 20 - 23 Living with Great Turmoil. Unit 7: Chapter Passage to a New Century. Contact Me. Historical Figure of the Month. Class Calendar. Useful Links. Chapter World War Looms Chapter Objective: To trace the rise of dictators, the beginnings of war, and the American response in the s. Chapter Objective: To understand the military campaigns, political decisions, and efforts on the home front that won World War II. Chapter Cold War Conflicts Chapter Objective: To understand the international and domestic tensions resulting from the Cold War.
Chapter The Postwar Boom Chapter Objective: To understand the economic. Over The Edge video questions. Civilians at War video questions.American soldiers recover the dead on Omaha Beach in Library of Congress.
The s and s were trying times. A global economic crisis gave way to a global war that became the deadliest and most destructive in human history.
Perhaps eighty million individuals lost their lives during World War II. The war saw industrialized genocide and nearly threatened the eradication of an entire people. It also unleashed the most fearsome technology ever used in war. But the war raised as many questions as it would settle and unleashed new social forces at home and abroad that confronted generations of Americans to come. Although the United States joined the war intwo years after Europe exploded into conflict inthe path to the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, the surprise attack that threw the United States headlong into war, began much earlier.
For the Empire of Japan, the war had begun a decade before Pearl Harbor. On September 18,a small explosion tore up railroad tracks controlled by the Japanese-owned South Manchuria Railway near the city of Shenyang Mukden in the Chinese province of Manchuria. The railway company condemned the bombing as the work of anti-Japanese Chinese dissidents.
Evidence, though, suggests that the initial explosion was neither an act of Chinese anti-Japanese sentiment nor an accident but an elaborate ruse planned by the Japanese to provide a basis for invasion. In response, the privately operated Japanese Guandong Kwangtung army began shelling the Shenyang garrison the next day, and the garrison fell before nightfall.
Hungry for Chinese territory and witnessing the weakness and disorganization of Chinese forces, but under the pretense of protecting Japanese citizens and investments, the Japanese Imperial Army ordered a full-scale invasion of Manchuria.
The invasion was swift. Without a centralized Chinese army, the Japanese quickly defeated isolated Chinese warlords and by the end of Februaryall of Manchuria was firmly under Japanese control. Japan established the nation of Manchukuo out of the former province of Manchuria. This seemingly small skirmish—known by the Chinese as the September 18 Incident and the Japanese as the Manchurian Incident—sparked a war that would last thirteen years and claim the lives of over thirty-five million people.
Despite their rapid advance into Manchuria, the Japanese put off the invasion of China for nearly three years.This started World War II. S declared war on the Axis Powers and joined the Allied Powers. Army Air Corps. What cultural changes did World War II bring? At the end of the lesson, Ss will have completed a mid-unit assessment on the start and cultural changes during WWII. Describe major events in the war in both Europe and the Pacific; include Pearl.
Describe the effects of rationing and the changing role of women and African. S tudents:. Project on the leaders of World War II. Teacher's Reflection: Overall, I found that students though this exam was pretty straightforward. The only issue they did have the exam was the short answer part involving the map.
Therefore, I found it to be extremely important to keep hounding the students to study their study guides and to also really go over the directions of the exam before they began. The film that is in the lesson can also be complex; therefore stopping and reviewing elements of that really helped me as well. License: CC Attribution 3. Save Common Core Tags Close. About Us Careers Support Blog. Master Teacher Project. State Standards Grades Subjects.
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I never received the confirmation email I have already confirmed my email I will verify my account later. Something went wrong. See details for more info. E-mail Addresses:. Message optional :. Send Invites.The instability created in Europe by the First World War set the stage for another international conflict—World War II—which broke out two decades later and would prove even more devastating.
Rising to power in an economically and politically unstable Germany, Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist Nazi Party rearmed the nation and signed strategic treaties with Italy and Japan to further his ambitions of world domination.
Over the next six years, the conflict would take more lives and destroy more land and property around the globe than any previous war. The devastation of the Great War as World War I was known at the time had greatly destabilized Europe, and in many respects World War II grew out of issues left unresolved by that earlier conflict. In particular, political and economic instability in Germany, and lingering resentment over the harsh terms imposed by the Versailles Treaty, fueled the rise to power of Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist Nazi Party.
In the mids, he began the rearmament of Germany, secretly and in violation of the Versailles Treaty. After signing alliances with Italy and Japan against the Soviet UnionHitler sent troops to occupy Austria in and the following year annexed Czechoslovakia. Hitler had long planned an invasion of Poland, a nation to which Great Britain and France had guaranteed military support if it was attacked by Germany.
The pact with Stalin meant that Hitler would not face a war on two fronts once he invaded Poland, and would have Soviet assistance in conquering and dividing the nation itself. On September 17, Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east.
Under attack from both sides, Poland fell quickly, and by early Germany and the Soviet Union had divided control over the nation, according to a secret protocol appended to the Nonaggression Pact.
On April 9,Germany simultaneously invaded Norway and occupied Denmark, and the war began in earnest. In fact, the Germans broke through the line with their tanks and planes and continued to the rear, rendering it useless. Hitler now turned his attention to Britain, which had the defensive advantage of being separated from the Continent by the English Channel.
To pave the way for an amphibious invasion dubbed Operation Sea LionGerman planes bombed Britain extensively throughout the summer ofincluding night raids on London and other industrial centers that caused heavy civilian casualties and damage.
Arguments between Hitler and his commanders delayed the next German advance until October, when it was stalled by a Soviet counteroffensive and the onset of harsh winter weather. With Britain facing Germany in Europe, the United States was the only nation capable of combating Japanese aggression, which by late included an expansion of its ongoing war with China and the seizure of European colonial holdings in the Far East.
On December 7,Japanese aircraft attacked the major U. Germany and the other Axis Powers promptly declared war on the United States.
After a long string of Japanese victories, the U. Pacific Fleet won the Battle of Midway in Junewhich proved to be a turning point in the war. On Guadalcanal, one of the southern Solomon Islands, the Allies also had success against Japanese forces in a series of battles from August to Februaryhelping turn the tide further in the Pacific.
In mid, Allied naval forces began an aggressive counterattack against Japan, involving a series of amphibious assaults on key Japanese-held islands in the Pacific. The approach of winter, along with dwindling food and medical supplies, spelled the end for German troops there, and the last of them surrendered on January 31, Soviet troops soon advanced into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, while Hitler gathered his forces to drive the Americans and British back from Germany in the Battle of the Bulge December Januarythe last major German offensive of the war.
An intensive aerial bombardment in February preceded the Allied land invasion of Germany, and by the time Germany formally surrendered on May 8, Soviet forces had occupied much of the country.